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  1. Federal Constitution, article 4, "National languages" : National languages are German, French, Italian and Romansh; Federal Constitution, article 70, "Languages", paragraph 1: The official languages of the Confederation are German, French and Italian. Romansh shall be an official language for communicating with persons of Romansh language.
  2. A solemn declaration of the Tagsatzung declared the Federal Constitution adopted on 12 September 1848. A resolution of the Tagsatzung of 14 September 1848 specified that the powers of the institutions provided for by the 1815 Federal Treaty would expire at the time of the constitution of the Federal Council, which took place on 16 November 1848.
  3. "Population size and population composition". Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel. 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Switzerland". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 1 October 2009. 
  5. Human Development Report 2009. The United Nations. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
Swiss Confederation
Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (de)
Confédération suisse (fr)
Confederazione Svizzera (it)
Confederaziun svizra (rm)
Confoederatio Helvetica (CH) (la)
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: (unofficial) "Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno" (Latin)
އިނގިރޭސިބަހުން: One for all, all for one
Anthem: "Swiss Psalm"
Location of ސުވިޒަލޭންޑު (dark green) in Europe (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of ސުވިޒަލޭންޑު (dark green)

in Europe (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

CapitalBern[note 1]
46°57′N 7°27′E / 46.950°N 7.450°E / 46.950; 7.450
Largest city Zürich
Official languages German,
Demonym Swiss
Government Federal state, with parliamentary system and direct democracy
 -  Federal Council Moritz Leuenberger (VP 10)
Micheline Calmy-Rey
Hans-Rudolf Merz
Doris Leuthard (Pres. 10)
Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf
Ueli Maurer
Didier Burkhalter
 -  Federal Chancellor Corina Casanova
Legislature Federal Assembly
 -  Upper house Council of States
 -  Lower house National Council
 -  Foundation date 1 August[note 2] 1291 
 -  de facto 22 September 1499 
 -  Recognized 24 October 1648 
 -  Restored 7 August 1815 
 -  Federal state 12 September 1848[2] 
 -  Total 41,284 km2 (136th)
15,940 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 4.2
 -  2009 estimate 7,771,600[3] (94th)
 -  2007 census 7,593,500
 -  Density 188/km2 (65th)
477.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $315.768 billion[4] (38th)
 -  Per capita $43,195[4] (7th)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $500.260 billion[4] (21st)
 -  Per capita $68,433[4] (4th)
Gini (2000)33.7
HDI (2007)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.960[5]
Error: Invalid HDI value · 9th
ކަރަންސީ Swiss franc (CHF)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ޑްރައިވްސް right
Calling code +41
އިންޓަރނެޓް ޓީއެލްޑީ .ch